GRE: What You Need to Know
Preparing to take the GRE General Test (formerly the GRE revised General Test)? Or maybe you just keep hearing it mentioned when people talk about graduate and business school admissions? Read on for some quick answers to the most commonly asked questions about the GRE…
What is the GRE?
When people talk about the GRE, they’re probably referring to the GRE General Test. This is a standardized test used by many universities and graduate schools around the world as part of the graduate admissions process.
In addition to the GRE General Test, there are also the GRE Subject Tests, currently available in six fields: psychology, physics, mathematics, literature in English, chemistry and biology. The GRE is administered only in English.
Who administers the GRE?
The test is run by ETS (short for Educational Testing Service), a nonprofit organization which also runs the TOEFL, one of the most widely used tests of English proficiency.
What does GRE stand for?
This one’s simple! Graduate Record Examinations.
Why take the GRE?
A GRE score may be a required part of your application to a graduate-level program. Even if it’s not a set requirement, it may still help to support your application for a place on a master’s or PhD program, or for a fellowship.
Which universities accept the GRE?
Thousands of universities, graduate schools and departments around the world accept GRE scores, for graduate course places and/or graduate fellowships – too many to list here! This includes an increasing number of business schools which use the GRE for MBA program admissions. A full list is available on the ETS website, or you can ask universities directly whether they consider GRE scores.
Where and when can you take the GRE?
Currently the GRE test can be taken at over 1,000 test centers, spread across more than 160 countries. In regions where the computer-based version is available, the test can be taken throughout the year. If only the paper version is available, it is offered on set dates up to three times a year in October, November and February.
How can you prepare for the GRE?
Free preparation materials are available on the ETS website. These include sample questions and even full-length practice tests, to give you an idea of exactly what to expect. Further official preparation guides and materials can also be purchased through the site. You should start preparing for the GRE at least three to six months before the test date, and try not to cram at the last minute!
What skills does the GRE test?
The GRE General Test has three sections: Verbal Reasoning, Quantitative Reasoning and Analytical Writing. The first section aims to assess how well students can understand and interpret passages of text. The second section has more of a numerical focus, testing students’ ability to interpret sets of data. The third section consists of two timed essays – one analyzing an issue, and one analyzing an argument.
What can I expect on test day?
You should allow plenty of time to get to the test center, as it’s very important not to be late. No personal items are allowed in the test room except for your identification documents (not even a watch!), so the test center staff will advise you on where you can store your things. The test should take you around three hours and 45 minutes to complete, plus short breaks. You can find out more about what you’ll need to bring and what to expect on the day here.
How much does it cost to take the GRE?
The standard fee for taking the test is currently US$205 everywhere in the world except China, where it is US$231.30, Australia, where it is US$230, Nigeria, where it is US$220, and Turkey, where it is US$255.
You’ll need to pay additional fees for special handling requests such as rescheduling or changing your test center, which are outlined here.
Can you get a fee reduction based on financial need?
Yes, a limited number of Fee Reduction Certificates are available for those who meet criteria for demonstrating financial need, which mean a 50 percent reduction in the fee of either one GRE General Test or a GRE Subject Test.
When will your scores be available after the test?
This depends on which form your test was delivered in – if you took the computer-delivered GRE test, your official scores will be available online in your account and sent to your designated institutions approximately 10-15 days after your test date. If you took the paper-delivered test, your scores will be available online and sent to the institutions within five weeks after your test date.
Can you retake the GRE test?
Yes – if you took the paper-delivered test, you can retake it as many times as it’s offered. If you took the GRE test via computer, you can retake it once every 21 days, and up to five times in a year.
How can you use your GRE scores?
As part of the fee for taking the test, you have the option to send your scores to up to four graduate schools or prospective employers. (You can send your score to more organizations later for an extra US$27 each).
If you’ve taken the GRE General Test more than once, you can use the ‘ScoreSelect’ option to choose which scores from the past five years to send.
How long is the GRE valid for?
ETS will keep your score on file for five years after your test administration date. Check with your chosen university to find out if they require test scores from within a certain period.
This article was originally published in March 2013. It was last updated in November 2018.
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本文首发于 2018 November ， 更新于 2021 September 。