QS之星:排名方法

QS星级排行榜”评级系统提供了院校机构的详细介绍,帮助你确定哪些大学在你所关注的方面表现最好,例如课程实力、设施、毕业生就业能力、社会责任、包容性等。

“QS星级排行榜”的制作者也知道对于每个人来说,大学都各有所长,因此需要在一系列类别基础上进行评估,确定出不同的优势。此项排行榜也认识到每个学生寻找的东西也有所不同,并非所有大学——甚至是排名最高的院校机构——都适合每个学生。

在寻找自己未来学习课程时,“QS星级排行榜”可以帮助你了解哪些大学在综合指标方面表现良好,让你能够将自己的兴趣与那些主题学习内容适合于自己的大学院校匹配起来。

在“QS星级排行榜”所用的方法中,评估大学的指标包括至少八个大类。评估结束后,大学将根据评估获得的分数,获得0至5+星的星级评分。

By Craig OCallaghan

更新日期 March 4, 2021 更新日期 March 04

What criteria does QS Stars use when rating universities, and why?

There has been much discussion around what attributes form a world-class university, particularly with the growing popularity of university rankings and the criteria used to assess universities worldwide.

Much criticism has been directed to the criteria used in rankings and other assessments, based on the argument that universities are different to one another and therefore need to be assessed on a range of categories that recognize distinct strengths.

The following criteria, the basis for QS Stars ratings, were selected as the key pillars of what makes a world class university, taking into account a number of factors that are often overlooked in university rankings and other assessments.

Research

Indicators considered here include assessments of research quality amongst academics, productivity (i.e. number of papers published), citations (i.e. how recognized and referred to those papers are by other academics) and awards (e.g. Nobel Prizes or Fields Medals).

Teaching

A key role of a university is the nurture of tomorrow's finest minds, inspiring the next generation of potential research academics. Typical indicators in teaching quality assessments are collation of student feedback through national student surveys, further study rate and student faculty ratio.

Academic Development

This category is an alternate to the Research Category. The Academic Development category looks at institutions' efforts to enhance students' learning experience outside of the classroom. Some of these efforts could include: Number of faculty office hours that academic faculty dedicate every week for students to discuss assignments. In this category we also look at the availability of academic learning centers for students - as well as -teaching and research assistantship opportunities. 

Employability

Graduate employability encompasses more than academic strength, focusing on ‘work-readiness’ - the ability to work effectively in a multi-cultural team, to deliver presentations, to manage people and projects. Common indicators in this area are surveys of employers, graduate employment rates and careers service support.

Internationalization

Here, effective indicators could be the proportion of international students and staff, the numbers of exchange students arriving and departing, the number of nationalities represented in the student body, the number and strength of international partnerships with other universities and the presence of religious facilities.

Facilities

University infrastructure is an indicator which enables students to know what to expect from their university experience. Indicators such as sporting, IT, library and medical facilities, as well as the number of students societies are considered within this criterion.

Online/Distance learning

This category looks at various indicators such as student services and technology, track record, student faculty engagement, student interaction, commitment to online and reputation of the university.

Social Responsibility

Engagement measures how seriously a university takes its obligations to society by investing in the local community as well as in charity work and disaster relief. It also analyses the regional human capital development and environmentally awareness.

Innovation

Innovation, the output of the universities activities and findings to economy, society and culture, has become increasingly relevant for universities.

Arts & Culture

Effective indicators are the number of concerts and exhibitions organized by the institution, the number of credits and cultural awards and cultural investment.

Inclusiveness

This area looks at the accessibility of the university to students, particularly at scholarships and bursaries, disability access, gender balance and low-income outreach.

Specialist Criteria

Excellence in a narrow field is as valid a claim to world-class status as competence in the round. These criteria are designed to extend credit where it's due. This category looks at accreditations and discipline rankings.

For more in-depth information about QS Stars, visit the QS Intelligence Unit website.

本文首发于 2019 December , 更新于 2021 March 。

作者:

As editor of TopUniversities.com, Craig oversees the site's editorial content and network of student contributors. He also plays a key editorial role in the publication of several guides and reports, including the QS Top Grad School Guide.

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